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Tutorial HTML - Adding Links


Link

  • A link is a text or graphic when clicked using a mouse will send you to a different location.
  • You place a link by usingan anchor tag <A HREF="TARGET"> </A>
  • The code A HREF is an abbreviation for Anchor Hypertext Reference. When clicked, the link will send you to the target location or graphic file.
  • Links are very important because by placing links, visitors can view the web pages they are interested only, thus saving time.
  • Links also make a web page more interactive because it responds to visitors clicking action.
Tag
Description

<a href="path/filename">
...
</a>

Link to web page or graphic as specified in path/filename. Please take note that only GIF and JPEG graphics file format can be linked.
<a href="#anchorname">
anchorname ></a>
Link to a specific section in the same document using target anchor.
<a name="anchorname"></a> Target anchor.
<a href=
"mailto:yourname@youremail.com">
yourname</a>
This link will open an e-mail software and send messages typed by the user the address specified in yourname@youremail.com


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Fonts

The <FONT> tag in HTML is deprecated. It is supposed to be removed in a future version of HTML. Even if a lot of people are using it, you should try to avoid it, and use styles instead.

The <FONT> tag is deprecated in the latest versions of HTML (HTML 4 and XHTML). The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has removed the tag from its recommendations. In future versions of HTML, style sheets (CSS) will be used to define the layout and display properties of HTML elements.

Example using FONT with STYLES

<html>
<head>
<title> Using Font with Styles </title>
</head>
<body>
<p styles="font-family:verdana;font-size:2;color:green">
This is a paragraph with some text in it. This is a paragraph with some text in it. This is a paragraph with some text in it. This is a paragraph with some text in it.
</p>
</body>
</html>

Output:

This is a paragraph with some text in it. This is a paragraph with some text in it. This is a paragraph with some text in it. This is a paragraph with some text in it.



Color Values

HTML colors are defined using a hexadecimal notation for the combination of Red, Green, and Blue color values (RGB). The lowest value that can be given to one light source is 0 (hex #00). The highest value is 255 (hex #FF).

This table shows the result of combining Red, Green, and Blue light sources:

Color
Color HEX
Color RGB
#000000
rgb(0,0,0)
#FF0000
rgb(255,0,0)
#00FF00
rgb(0,255,0)
 
#0000FF
rgb(0,0,255)
#FFFF00
rgb(255,255,0)
#00FFFF
rgb(0,255,255)
#FF00FF
rgb(255,0,255)
#C0C0C0
rgb(192,192,192)
#FFFFFF
rgb(255,255,255)

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Web Safe Colors

A few years ago, when most computers supported only 256 different colors, a list of 216 Web Safe Colors was suggested as a Web standard. The reason for this was that Microsoft and Mac operating system used 40 different "reserved" fixed system colors (about 20 each).

216 Cross Platform Colors

This 216 cross platform web safe color palette was originally created to ensure that all computers would display all colors correctly when running a 256 color palette.

000000
000033
000066
000099
0000CC
0000FF
003300
003333
003366
003399
0033CC
0033FF
006600
006633
006666
006699
0066CC
0066FF
009900
009933
009966
009999
0099CC
0099FF
00CC00
00CC33
00CC66
00CC99
00CCCC
00CCFF
00FF00
00FF33
00FF66
00FF99
00FFCC
00FFFF
330000
330033
330066
330099
3300CC
3300FF
333300
333333
333366
333399
3333CC
3333FF
336600
336633
336666
336699
3366CC
3366FF
339900
339933
339966
339999
3399CC
3399FF
33CC00
33CC33
33CC66
33CC99
33CCCC
33CCFF
33FF00
33FF33
33FF66
33FF99
33FFCC
33FFFF
660000
660033
660066
660099
6600CC
6600FF
663300
663333
663366
663399
6633CC
6633FF
666600
666633
666666
666699
6666CC
6666FF
669900
669933
669966
669999
6699CC
6699FF
66CC00
66CC33
66CC66
66CC99
66CCCC
66CCFF
66FF00
66FF33
66FF66
66FF99
66FFCC
66FFFF
990000
990033
990066
990099
9900CC
9900FF
993300
993333
993366
993399
9933CC
9933FF
996600
996633
996666
996699
9966CC
9966FF
999900
999933
999966
999999
9999CC
9999FF
99CC00
99CC33
99CC66
99CC99
99CCCC
99CCFF
99FF00
99FF33
99FF66
99FF99
99FFCC
99FFFF
CC0000
CC0033
CC0066
CC0099
CC00CC
CC00FF
CC3300
CC3333
CC3366
CC3399
CC33CC
CC33FF
CC6600
CC6633
CC6666
CC6699
CC66CC
CC66FF
CC9900
CC9933
CC9966
CC9999
CC99CC
CC99FF
CCCC00
CCCC33
CCCC66
CCCC99
CCCCCC
CCCCFF
CCFF00
CCFF33
CCFF66
CCFF99
CCFFCC
CCFFFF
FF0000
FF0033
FF0066
FF0099
FF00CC
FF00FF
FF3300
FF3333
FF3366
FF3399
FF33CC
FF33FF
FF6600
FF6633
FF6666
FF6699
FF66CC
FF66FF
FF9900
FF9933
FF9966
FF9999
FF99CC
FF99FF
FFCC00
FFCC33
FFCC66
FFCC99
FFCCCC
FFCCFF
FFFF00
FFFF33
FFFF66
FFFF99
FFFFCC
FFFFFF

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EXERCISES

Please copy these exercise into Notepad and save (Don't forget to put .html). Then, launch Internet Explorer and go to File > Open > Browse (find your saved file). Click OK.

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Assessment

  • Assignment 1
  • Assignment 2
  • Quiz 1
  • Quiz 2
  • Project

 

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